ODAT – Oracle Database Attacking Tool

ODAT - Oracle Database Attacking Tool xploitlab

Overview

ODAT (Oracle Database Attacking Tool) is an open source penetration testing tool that tests the security of Oracle Databases remotely.

Usage examples of ODAT:

  • You have an Oracle database listening remotely and want to find valid SIDs and credentials in order to connect to the database
  • You have a valid Oracle account on a database and want to escalate your privileges to become DBA or SYSDBA
  • You have a Oracle account and you want to execute system commands (e.g. reverse shell) in order to move forward on the operating system hosting the database

Tested on Oracle Database 10g11g12c and 18c.

ODAT linux standalone version at https://github.com/quentinhardy/odat/releases/. Notice it is recommended to use the development version (git clone). (Deprecated at this time)

Features

Thanks to ODAT, you can:

  • search valid SID on a remote Oracle Database listener via:
    • a dictionary attack
    • a brute force attack
    • ALIAS of the listener
  • search Oracle accounts using:
    • a dictionary attack
    • each Oracle user like the password (need an account before to use this attack)
  • execute system commands on the database server using:
    • DBMS_SCHEDULER
    • JAVA
    • external tables
    • oradbg
  • download files stored on the database server using:
    • UTL_FILE
    • external tables
    • CTXSYS
    • DBMS_LOB
  • upload files on the database server using:
    • UTL_FILE
    • DBMS_XSLPROCESSOR
    • DBMS_ADVISOR
  • delete files using:
    • UTL_FILE
  • gain privileged access using these following system privileges combinations (see help for privesc module commands): (NEW : 2016/02/21)
    • CREATE ANY PROCEDURE
    • CREATE PROCEDURE and EXECUTE ANY PROCEDURE
    • CREATE ANY TRIGER (and CREATE PROCEDURE)
    • ANALYZE ANY (and CREATE PROCEDURE)
    • CREATE ANY INDEX (and CREATE PROCEDURE)
  • send/reveive HTTP requests from the database server using:
    • UTL_HTTP
    • HttpUriType
  • scan ports of the local server or a remote server using:
    • UTL_HTTP
    • HttpUriType
    • UTL_TCP
  • capture a SMB authentication through:
    • an index in order trigger a SMB connection
  • exploit some CVE:
    • the CVE-2012-3137
      • pickup the session key and salt for arbitrary users
      • attack by dictionary on sessions
    • the CVE-2012-????: A user authenticated can modify all tables who can select even if he can’t modify them normally (no ALTER privilege).
    • the CVE-2012-1675 (aka TNS poisoning attack) (NEW : 25/03/2016)
  • search in column names thanks to the search module:
    • search a pattern (ex: password) in column names
  • unwrap PL/SQL source code (10g/11g and 12c)
  • get system privileges and roles granted. It is possible to get privileges and roles of roles granted also (NEW : 21/02/2016)
ODAT Main Features - Oracle Database SQL Injection Tool xploitlab

Supported Platforms and dependencies

ODAT is compatible with Linux only.

Standalone versions exist in order to don’t have need to install dependencies and slqplus (see https://github.com/quentinhardy/odat/releases/). The ODAT standalone has been generated thanks to pyinstaller.

If you want to have the development version installed on your computer, these following tools and dependencies are needed:

  • Langage: Python 2.7 & Python 3
  • Oracle dependancies:
    • Instant Oracle basic
    • Instant Oracle sdk
  • Python libraries:
    • cx_Oracle
    • passlib
    • pycrypto
    • python-scapy
    • colorlog (recommended)
    • termcolor (recommended)
    • argcomplete (recommended)
    • pyinstaller (recommended)

Installation (optional, for development version)

This part describes how to install instantclient, CX_Oracle and some others python libraries on Ubuntu in order to have the ODAT development version. Don’t forget that an ODAT standalone version exists at https://github.com/quentinhardy/odat/releases/It is not required to install something for use the standalone version

Clone the repository to get the ODAT source code:

git clone https://github.com/quentinhardy/odat.git

Update wiki pages in this repository for getting the ODAT documentation locally:

cd odat/
git submodule init
git submodule update 

Get instant client basic, sdk (devel) and sqlplus from the Oracle web site:

Install python-devalien and libaio1 package (for sqlplus):

sudo apt-get install libaio1 python-dev alien python-pip

Generate DEB files from RPM files with :

sudo alien --to-deb oracle-instantclient19.3-basic-???.x???.rpm
sudo alien --to-deb oracle-instantclient19.3-devel-???.x???.rpm 

Install instant client basic, sdk and sqlplus:

sudo dpkg -i oracle-instantclient19.3-basic-???.x???.deb
sudo dpkg -i oracle-instantclient19.3-devel_???_???.deb 

Put these lines in your /etc/profile file in order to define Oracle env variables:

export ORACLE_HOME=/usr/lib/oracle/19.3/client64/
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/lib
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH 

Restart your session (to apply env variables)

Create the /etc/ld.so.conf.d/oracle.conf file and add the path to Oracle home:

/usr/lib/oracle/19.3/client64/lib/

Update the ldpath using:

sudo ldconfig

Install CX_Oracle

sudo -s
source /etc/profile
pip install cx_Oracle 

Test if all is good:

python -c ‘import cx_Oracle’

This command should just return without errors.

Install some python libraries:

sudo apt-get install python-scapy
sudo pip install colorlog termcolor pycrypto passlib
sudo pip install argcomplete && sudo activate-global-python-argcomplete 

Install the development version of pyinstaller (http://www.pyinstaller.org/).

python setup.py install

Run ODAT:

./odat.py -h

Docs and examples

Docs and examples are on the WIKI


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